How To Make Sure An elevator Is ADA Compliant



Vision Home ElevatorsInstalling an elevator in a building or modernizing an existing one can be a large task. That being said, it is crucial that certain codes and regulations be followed. One set of codes that some easily overlook are the ADA regulations. First of all, what are ADA codes? ADA stands for Americans with Disability Act and aims to make buildings accessible and safe for those who are disabled. Keep reading to find out which elevators must be ADA approved and what regulations they must adhere to.

ADA Elevators – Fortunately for small businesses or office buildings, ADA guidelines are not required if the building is both under three stories tall and has a surface area, per floor, less than 3,000 square feet. If a building exceeds these dimensions, then all elevators must meet ADA guidelines.

ADA Guidelines – The ADA guidelines are extensive and complex; however, we have broken down each requirement for fast and easy reference. It is much easier to install an elevator that is ADA approved than to modernize an existing one. ADA codes are incredibly difficult to add to already existing elevators.

Elevator Buttons – In order for elevator buttons to be ADA code compliant, they must be mounted at a height of 42 inches and must be at least .75 inches in diameter. This is not all; elevator buttons must also be properly illuminated at all times.

Braille Plates – In order for an elevator to be accessible by a blind person, there must be Braille plates next to the elevator buttons. Braille plates are also required next to all entrance jams.

Communication – As a safety feature, two-way communication in the elevator cab is a must. This communication could be used, potentially, by both blind and deaf persons, meaning that it must be both visually and tactilely accessible.

Floor Levels– Each time the elevator car passes a level, it must feature a beeping sound. This enables a blind person to count the floors as they pass. When the elevator car comes to a stop, a bell or a verbal announcement must alert the rider that the cab has reached its destination.

Cab Space – An elevator cab must be large enough to hold a full-sized wheelchair. More specifically, said wheelchair should be able to comfortably make a 360-degree turn while inside the cab.

Door Sensors – Door sensors are required by the ADA. These sensors must re-open the elevator doors without making contact with the obstructing object or person.

Emergency Controls - Like most elevators, emergency controls are required inside the elevator cab. However, in order for the cab to be ADA compliant, said controls must be no more than 55 inches above the floor.

Handrails – Last but not least, handrails are required in all ADA code compliant elevators. They must be 30 inches above the floor.

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